<p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Chronic myeloid leukaemia is a type of cancer of the white blood cells which leads to rapid multiplication and formation of abnormal dysfunctional units. The condition causes various symptoms like sudden weight loss, night sweats and fever. Chronic myeloid leukaemia occurs due to a genetic mix-up of a chromosome called the &ldquo;Philadelphia chromosome&rdquo;</span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">The occurrence of chronic myeloid leukaemia is comparatively less and the manifestation of the disease takes time. The condition is more common in adults than in children. The treatment for CML in Pakistan is not as progressive as the other states. While most of the hospitals offer chemotherapy for CML, there are hospitals that perform stem cell transplantation. </span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Stem cell transplantation is one of the advanced treatment techniques which have the potential to heal the patient more thoroughly than chemotherapy. This treatment is quite expensive in Pakistan. Moreover, there are not enough specialists in Pakistan to provide this option for patients. </span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Bone marrow or stem cell transplantation requires a donor match. Only if the bone marrow of the donor matches with the patient can the transplant be made. </span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">The cost of stem cell therapy in Pakistan is close to the range of $20,000 to $35,000. Most of the patients find it difficult to afford these procedures, especially when there are chances of re-occurrence.</span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt">&nbsp;</p>