<p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>Stem cell transplant </b>is a mode of treatment which replaces the faulty blood-cell forming marrow with healthier marrow cells. The faulty bone marrow cells may be because of any injuries, infections, diseases and disabilities and even chemotherapy. Stem cell transplant is also called bone marrow transplant. </span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>Where is bone marrow transplant needed?</b></span></span></span></p> <ul> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Cancers of the blood cells and bone marrow.</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Aplastic anaemia</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Haemoglobin abnormalities like thalassemia</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Red Blood cell disorders like sickle cell anaemia</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">White blood cell disorders like congenital neutropenia</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 8pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Chemotherapy</span></span></span></li> </ul> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Stem cell transplant is one of the recent modes for treatment for many marrow cell disorders. The cost of treatment in India is one of the lowest compared to most other countries. The quality of the treatment is also top-notch and is provided by professional experts.</span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">The starting price of <b>stem cell therapy in India</b> is around <b>$9,000-$10,000.</b></span></span></span></p> <p style="margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Stem cell treatments in other countries:</span></span></span></p> <ul> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>Stem cell therapy in Nigeria</b> is also placing their feet into the research. Studies are being performed for stem cell therapy in these regions and patients are receiving treatment. But this is still at a smaller scale and only few hospitals with multi-specialities are able to provide this.</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>Stem cell therapy in Ghana</b> is one of its recent advancements. The first stem cell therapy procedure was performed in the Greater Accra Regional Hospital. This was done for the treatment of sickle cell anaemia. The entire procedure costs about $15,000 to $20,000. The surgical team and doctors did share their problem of lack of adequate staff and facilities.</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>&nbsp;Multiple myeloma</b> is a rare type of blood cancer which is seen more commonly in African-Americans. Despite this, there are very few resources in countries like <b>Kenya. </b>The facilities to quickly diagnose this condition seems to be lacking. The expertise that is needed for long-term treatments like stem cell therapy is also not easily available. Apart from that, the cost of medications, radiotherapy and chemotherapy is also too high for a common man.</span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 0.0001pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif"><b>Myelodysplastic syndrome</b> is a group of diseases which are caused due to defective bone marrow. This condition is seen more commonly in African countries like <b>Nigeria.</b> Despite this, the availability of treatment is very scarce. Many individuals are seen making international trips to countries like India for an affordable treatment which come with state-of-the-art technology. The cost of treatment in Nigeria is also pretty high which begins at the range of<b> $20,000 to $50,000.</b></span></span></span></li> <li style="margin:0in 0in 8pt 0.5in"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">Acute myeloid leukaemia is another type of white blood cell cancer. Leukaemia is one of the leading causes of death in many countries, especially <b>United Arab Emirates.</b> The treatment options are available at too high a price for the common working-class man to afford. The initial cost of treatment begins at <b>$20,000</b> and sometimes goes up to <b>$50,000</b> also which makes it unaffordable for many.</span></span></span></li> </ul> <p style="margin-left:.25in; margin:0in 0in 8pt"><span style="font-size:11pt"><span style="line-height:107%"><span style="font-family:Calibri,sans-serif">While looking at the price-points and the quality of treatment, one can easily deduce that the advanced treatments like stem cell therapy is not as easily available in many countries. When available, they are more expensive than what can be afforded. There is also a steady increase in the number of people visiting India for such treatments. </span></span></span></p>