Chronic myeloid leukaemia is a type of cancer of the white blood cells which leads to rapid multiplication and formation of abnormal dysfunctional units. The condition causes various symptoms like sudden weight loss, night sweats and fever. Chronic myeloid leukaemia occurs due to a genetic mix-up of a chromosome called the “Philadelphia chromosome”

The occurrence of chronic myeloid leukaemia is comparatively less and the manifestation of the disease takes time. The condition is more common in adults than in children. The treatment for CML in Pakistan is not as progressive as the other states. While most of the hospitals offer chemotherapy for CML, there are hospitals that perform stem cell transplantation.

Stem cell transplantation is one of the advanced treatment techniques which have the potential to heal the patient more thoroughly than chemotherapy. This treatment is quite expensive in Pakistan. Moreover, there are not enough specialists in Pakistan to provide this option for patients.

Bone marrow or stem cell transplantation requires a donor match. Only if the bone marrow of the donor matches with the patient can the transplant be made.

The cost of stem cell therapy in Pakistan is close to the range of $20,000 to $35,000. Most of the patients find it difficult to afford these procedures, especially when there are chances of re-occurrence.

Frequently Asked Questions

How many types of cancer are there?
There are more than 100 types of known cancer types.

What are the early symptoms of blood cancer?
The most common symptoms of the blood cancer include: fever or chills,
chronic feeling of fatigue and tiredness, loss of appetite, frequent infections
and night sweats.

Why does the diagnosis seem to delay in most of the cases?
Cancer cells multiply literally billions of times before the symptoms start to
show. That is why some methods of screening and prevention are important.

What is bone marrow?
Bone marrow is the soft centre of the bones where blood cells are formed.
When these immature blood cells start dividing rapidly it causes the
overcrowding of abnormal blood cells as a result of which cancer develops.

What should be done in case of any of these symptoms?
Since the blood cancer symptoms are quite vague, one should see the
doctor if the symptoms are unusual for the person as well as last for a longer

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