What are the first signs of lymphoma cancer?

What are the first signs of lymphoma cancer?
What are the first signs of lymphoma cancer?

Do you know? “Lymphoma Cancer” is the fifth leading cause of death in the United Kingdom! Yes, it is true. This makes it all the more necessary to know about it. We at BloodCancerCure aim to answer all your questions.

What is Lymphoma Cancer?

Cancer that starts from the lymphatic system is called “lymphoma Cancer”. The lymphatic system consists of lymph nodes and organs such as thymus, spleen etc. The lymphatic system plays a role in maintaining the immunity of an individual.
The lymphoma cancer is the tumor of the white blood cells in the bone marrow, lymph nodes and other components of the lymphatic system. There is no benign form of lymphoma cancer as it tends to spread to all parts of the body.
The difference between a lymphoma cancer and leukemia lies in its origins. A lymphoma cancer characteristically develops in lymphatic tissue mainly the lymph nodes of the thymus gland. On the other hand, leukemia is a type of blood cancer which first starts in bone marrow.

There are many subtypes of the Lymphoma Cancer but the two most common of them are Hodgkin’s and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

What are the signs and symptoms of Lymphoma Cancer?

Depending upon the subtypes of cancer, the spread and the stage of the disease, it could have a variety of symptoms such as:

•    Fever and Chills
•    Unintended weight loss
•    Loss of appetite
•    Body pains
•   Anaemia
•    Fatigue and weakness
•    Swelling of lymph nodes
•    Enlargement of the spleen or liver in some cases.

The studies have shown the close association of the disease with certain risk factors. There is an increased incidence among people who have a known history of exposure to certain chemicals and ionizing radiation. Another major known cause of the lymphoma cancer is the “Epstein Barr Virus”. This virus is known to affect mainly the immunocompromised individuals such as those suffering from HIV-AIDS, or human T-lymphocytic virus etc. Smoking, excessive consumption of red meat and tobacco may increase the risk of cancer.


How is Lymphoma Cancer diagnosed?

In order to diagnose any type of cancer or for that matter any kind of disease, the doctor first needs to carefully examine the patient’s symptoms and the complaints with which he/she approaches the doctor. The doctor does this by doing a complete physical examination of the patient.
The doctor or the physician then prescribes a number of diagnostic tests to confirm the disease.

In order to obtain the final diagnosis, the following tests can be done:
•    Complete blood counts
•    Bone marrow biopsy
•    Lymph node biopsy
•    Special imaging tests such as MRI, Ct scan, and PET scan


How is Lymphoma Cancer treated?

Cancer causes a number of complications for patients. These could be an increased incidence of infections (immunocompromised state), a decrease in the number of other blood cells etc. 
In mild cases, sometimes doctors prefer regular monitoring of the disease without any treatment or just giving symptomatic treatment

The major treatment modalities include:
•    Chemotherapy
•    Radiation therapy
•    Targeted therapy
•    Surgical removal of the enlarged spleen

Sometimes, there is an excessive amount of some plasma proteins in the blood which may cause problems. It is removed by a process known as “Plasmapheresis”. 
This cancer was once a critical and fatal condition. But, nowadays, with extensive research, this disease is almost curable. India is becoming a leading hub in all the new treatments at low costs with excellent results. Visit our website www.bloodcancercure.com for more information. 

About BloodCancerCure:

BloodCancerCure is the world’s first such organization working 24*7 on helping blood cancer patients. BloodCancerCure works for patients across the world by providing the lowest cost for bone marrow transplants, chemotherapy, and Bone marrow test. You can contact at +91-8448533753 to talk to our experts at BloodCancerCure for BMT treatment in India.
 

How long will someone who is not receiving treatment for Hodgkin’s Lymphoma will live?

How long someone not receiving treatment for Hodgkins Lymphoma will live?
How long someone not receiving treatment for Hodgkins Lymphoma will live?

What is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is the name given to the cancer of the lymphatic system, more specifically the lymphocytes. The most important risk factor of this type of cancer is a virus known as “Epstein-Barr Virus”. This virus usually attacks immunocompromised patients such as those suffering from HIV-AIDS or other immune-related disorders. Apart from the viral cause, it occurs in patients with the family history of the disease.

It is a rare disease. Less than a million people get it in a year. The Hodgkin’s lymphoma presents itself as an abnormal proliferation of the white blood cells in the lymphoid tissue mainly the spleen, lymph nodes, thymus etc. Thus, the main manifestation of the disease is swollen lymph nodes. The patient may also have an enlarged spleen or liver. Other common associated symptoms include weakness and fatigue, loss of appetite and weight loss, fever and chills etc.

The infection-fighting capability of the lymphocytes is lost as a result the patient becomes more prone to common infections.

What are the types of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma?

The lymphocytes in our body undergo various stages of development to reach its mature stage. Depending upon which stage of development is affected there are various types of HL that are seen in human beings.

  • Classic Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

  • Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma

There is one basic difference between a Hodgkin and Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma. That is the presence of a special type of cell in Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: “Reed-Sternberg Cell”. This is a type of abnormal B-cell.

How is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma diagnosed?

Diagnosis of a disease is important as it plays a key role in determining the appropriate treatment. There are variety of techniques which are used to confirm the diagnosis of a Hodgkin’s lymphoma. After the appropriate diagnosis, the treatment is planned.

Various diagnostic tests include:

  • A physical exam to palpate the lymph nodes of the neck, armpits, and groin.
  • Bone marrow biopsy to look into the morphology of the marrow cells under the microscope.
  • Complete blood counts
  • Lymph node biopsy to determine the spread and stage of the cancer
  • Imaging tests such as CT scan, PET scan, and MRI

How is Hodgkin’s Lymphoma treated?

The treatment depends upon the age of the patient, his/her physical health and the stage and spread of cancer. Considering all these factors the prognosis of the treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma is determined.

The treatment plan involves a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals which include general physicians, oncologists, hematologists, nurses, counselors, social workers etc.

The main treatment of disease is chemotherapy. Sometimes, it is used along with radiation therapy. So, the treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma involves both of the above-mentioned regimes.  Surgery is not usually done except for the biopsy.

Chemotherapy:
This type of treatment of Hodgkin’s Lymphoma directly involves killing of the cancer cells from the body. the number of abnormal lymphocytes is reduced drastically.

The patient is usually given a certain number of cycles of chemotherapy which last for a few months. The treatment via chemotherapy is usually done intravenously. The liquid form of the drug is injected into the patient’s body over a period of few hours.

There are various side-effects associated with chemotherapy. These include: nausea/vomiting, breathlessness, bleeding, increase chances of infection etc.

The patient is informed of all the pros and cons beforehand so that he/she can make an informed decision consulting their families.

About BloodCancerCure:

BloodCancerCure is the world’s first such organization working 24*7 on helping blood cancer patients. BloodCancerCure works for patients across the world by providing the lowest cost for bone marrow transplants, chemotherapy, and Bone marrow test. You can contact at +91-8448533753 to talk to our experts at BloodCancerCure for BMT treatment in India.