Are Bone Marrow Transplants Successful?

A bone marrow transplant(BMT) or also known as stem cell transplant recently is the only treatment for several types of cancers. Like Multiple Myeloma, Leukemia, some blood diseases, and for several kinds of Lymphomas etc. The bone marrow transplant cost also varies significantly for different cases as per the requirement of the disease treatment. In previous times, it was more often to term it as a bone marrow transplant because of extraction of stem cells from the bone marrow. However, these days stem cells can directly be extracted from the blood and due to that it is more commonly termed as stem cell transplant now. The advancement of the medical field is not just confined to stem cell extraction but it has also impacted its cost with several options available these days. Previously BMT success rate was too low but now with increasing requirement of the procedure efforts has been made along with several kinds of research to create better economic options with increasing bone marrow transplant success rate.

The BMT success rate varies along with its cost depending upon the requirement of the individual. If a transplant is done from your own body than it is an autologous transplant and if it involves a donor than it is an allogeneic transplant. Involvement of matching donor increases bone marrow transplant success rate.

Why is there a need for a bone marrow transplant?

With increasing numbers of blood and other disorders at times, a BMT is the most successful option in terms of curing disease.

Some of the cases needing high bone marrow transplant success rate include:

•     For complete replacement of damaged or diseased bone marrow cells

•     For providing new stem cells to help killing cancer cells.

•     For a safe and effective high dose chemotherapy or radiation treatment in few cancers followed by replacement of damaged bone marrow.

How a bone marrow transplant success rate can be evaluated?

A successful bone marrow transplant has a direct dependency on how closely the donor and recipient bone marrow matches. At times it becomes difficult to find a perfectly matching genetically same bone marrow from the unrelated donors which greatly affects BMT success rate.

Another hurdle is not the cost but instead an engraftment phase of the procedure which takes normally 10 to 28 days after the transplant. If this fails then the whole BMT success rate declines. So this phase is monitored closely and its success signs start with an increase in white blood cell count indicating that the blood cells are rising to normal being newly formed.

The complete success of the BMT varies from case to case considering several factors and complications. Although most of the transplants are successful with rare cases of failure which can further be minimized with preventions and proper monitoring.

Related FAQs:

1) Q: What are the new options available in bone marrow transplants?

A: Bone marrow transplant success rate, as well as treatment options, vary tremendously and it has raised the survival rates graph from zero to over 85%. Several options include cord blood transplants, haploidentical transplants, and reduced-intensity transplants etc.
 

2) Q: What happens to the bone marrow transplant success rate if healthcare team is unable to find a perfect match of bone marrow donor?

A: In that case, the following options are available for the increasing bone marrow transplant success rate:

•     Haplotype mismatched or parentChild transplant: In this, a 50% matching donor including a parent, child, brother or a sister can be used instead of a complete 100% match.

•     Umbilical cord transplant: This is another option if a donor match could not be found. All around the world cancer centers use cord blood for stem cell or bone marrow transplant.