BMT in India is the procedure done in high numbers. This involves Indian as well as many foreign patients. In this procedure, replacement of the damaged bone marrow is done with such bone marrow stem cells which are healthy and efficient. A person must undergo a BMT in India if he or she is unable to make sufficient blood count and is looking for economic treatment or in order to combat any underlying disease of aplastic anemia, leukemia etc. The procedure of BMT in India is highly successful and is performed by skilled professionals in every hospital.
Why BMT is becoming an urgent need for the patient?
The survival of the person depends upon his body’s capability of fighting against infections and diseases. Whereas a damaged or malfunctioned bone marrow makes a person all these abilities to combat against diseases. So it becomes mandatory for the person to seek treatment and get bone marrow transplant in such cases.
What you must look for in a matching donor during BMT in India?
Finding a donor during BMT in India can be a hurdle because donor registration in NOTTO or National Organ and Tissue Transplant Organization is not followed here. Moreover, India has very few donor registers and amongst all the reliable and oldest one is MDRI or Marrow Donor Registry India.
There are few tips to follow while finding a matching donor during BMT in India:
• The age group of the donor must be between 18 to 50 with good health. The younger the donor the better it will be for the patient.
• A donor must be free from any diseases like of cancer, cardiac, liver, kidney, diabetes, and even obesity etc.
• A donor must also be free from any kind of high-risk viral diseases like AIDS etc.
India still requires a lot of awareness for the need of donor registration so as to motivate people to register once they turn eligible. Once this is done more and more lives with ease could be saved.
What can make the BMT in India more difficult for the patients?
BMT in India appears partially difficult for some patients and their families. Especially the foreign patients and such patients who are looking for the best economic treatment options. Insurance covers also do not provide a full cover on diseases which require BMT. India is already offering economic services for its patients in comparison to global treatment prices.
It involves a huge investment though but still, there are endless hospitals in India who are competing to strive and provide the best available treatment globally, within the country itself. BMT in India also involves those risks of transplant like in any other country. These complications can be mild to severe and sometimes life-threatening as well.
• Infections, organ injury, transplant rejections.
• Allogenic transplants also include graft-versus-host disease in some cases which affects the skin, liver, eyes, lungs, and digestive system.
• New cancer or even death in rare cases etc.
Q: Is it important for the patient and the donor to have the same blood group?
A: No blood group matching is not mandatory. Instead, HLA typing in DNA must match 6 to 10 major markers for an ideal match.
Q: Procedure of BMT in India or bone marrow donation requires any removal of the bone part?
A: No, BMT in India does not require any bone piece removal at any stage of the procedure. Only stem cells are obtained either from a blood sample or fluid present inside the bone.
Q: Any surgery is involved in bone marrow donation process?
A: In most of the cases of BMT in India, stem cells are obtained via peripheral blood stem cell donation without any surgery. Although, a very less fraction of nearly 5 to 9 percent of cases might involve a surgical procedure to obtain stem cells.